FAQs - Moisture Control

No.  The design is to ensure sea water doesn’t not enter during ocean crossings, each vent has a total air passage way of 3/8 sq. in, the size of a dime.  Due to a container being practically air tight, the stock venting is more of a pressure equalization system. In addition, these vents do not exhaust, nor do they move air in either direction, so there is no interior ventilation.  

If there is some air movement on location, interior air exchanges are possible. More wind, better the ventilation. Two choices; our “360 Wall Vent” or the roof mounted metal turbines (see below).

Passive vents seldom drive air movement.  At times they might exhaust, sometimes allow blow in, often they do nothing. If the vent does not manage the various wind directions including turbulence it cannot drive air exchanges. Some passive vent manufactures actually state that a fan will be required for airflow. These passive vents are ok for air intake. Louvers can allow mist inside from rain splashing off the louvers, hooded vents are preferred.

We have had success with a  4/1 ratio of exhaust versus intake. But to allow for all the variables (temperature, winds, outside humidity and the physical location), we suggest 2/1 or better.  Sometimes experimentation is required. 

Again, there is no one exact calculation due to many variables; local winds, temperatures and humidity. We have been providing a suggested range for vent requirement; please see “Container Vent Design”. Vent location is important to capitalize on the available winds, in addition to the different pressure differences in shade vs sun; see “Ventilation Design” 

In the home 30 -50% is generally comfortable. Over two weeks In the PNW we dropped a 20’ containers interior RH from 90 -99% down to 80% and the condensation disappeared. Important to note, cooler air cannot hold as much moisture as warm air.  So 80% RH at 60 degrees, isn’t as bad as it would be at 90 degrees. Ideally if you are 70% or less, you should be good. 

Many variables cause are the cause of condensation. Without the use of power, it is important that all possible issues are looked at. Please see our “8 Steps to a Dry Container” for the simple things that can be done to minimize the interior moisture.

Not critical as long as sealed.  However, if you are going to drill, you need to pre-drill the holes to keep from cracking the plastic.

In our testing and experimenting we found the humidifiers were not the best bang for the buck in the cooler regions, heaters were a more efficient. But in hot humid climates dehumidifiers are definitely more effective. 

It is a good high volume exhaust system that also inhibits high pressure blow-in. They range from a 6” port to 14”, works well in light and strong winds. Installation is complex on a shipping container due to the corrugated roof profile (difficult to seal). The mechanical component is a potential failure point but this is the only other option available as a true exhaust vent.

In our testing and experimenting we found the humidifiers were not the best bang for the buck in the cooler regions, heaters were a more efficient. But in hot humid climates dehumidifiers are definitely more effective. 

Warm air holds more moisture than cold air.  As interior warm air rises and comes in contact with a cold metal surface (ceiling) condensation forms. This also happens to contents with hard, dense surfaces such as glass, metal, porcelain, etc.  Outside RH is usually higher in the early morning then dries a little throughout the daylight hours. The larger the exterior temperature fluctuation in relation to the inside the more difficult it is to stop the condensation. The heat of the day warms the interior air and when the sun goes down the roof cools off, condensation then forms on the cold ceiling.  This is why an insulated ceiling is beneficial.  The condensation in a container must be prevented, or the interior RH will always be maxed at 99%.  
As the inside cools in the evening (or on the colder days) the RH reading might increase. That’s not indicating there is now more moisture inside.  The cooler air is denser than the warm air, so the moisture percentage reads higher. Colder air will have less water content.  At 5°F there is no moisture in the air, so cooler climates can be easier to manage. 

Without power we are completely dependent on nature to keep the enclosure dry.  It won’t happen in a day or two, this is over time.  The data sheets for our vents are not calculated in CFM, cubic feet/minute, but CFD, cubic feet/day. It’s important the ventilation is active as much as possible, that’s why the  exhaust vent must be installed on the windiest side of a container.  In our PNW test area we recorded very little wind,  we were surprised to see the interior RH drop so significantly after only a week after installation. Our gauges essentially recorded no wind, so we brought in fog machines to monitor the area’s air movement. We were surprised to see air moving almost walking speed along the fronts of the lined up containers. In addition, thermals from the heat of the paved driveway and container fronts were pulling the fog up the walls of the containers when the horizontal breeze eased.  Due to the vents functioning low wind threshold, they were exhausting the containers almost continually.  

Points to Remember
•    High Relative Humidity (RH) is the enemy, as are extremely high interior tempatures.
•    Large and fast temperature changes (day - night differences) promotes condensation.
•    Wind, sun/shade; can either make the problem worse or better, depending on vent location.